Today: 23.09.2017

Українська мова
Українська мова:

Desciption


Capacity Building in Sustainable Urban Planning and Development in Lithuania, Russia, Sweden and Ukraine

The idea for the project came at a workshop organized by the Swedish Institute in November 2009 in St. Petersburg.

Sustainable urban development covers the following key issues: improving quality of social life conditions and resource efficiency; environment protection, prevention of negative nature processes and man-caused damages, ecological principles to guide settlement development and land use; public participation in the decision-making process.

Sustainable urban development depends on the process of urbanization. Although urbanisation has general characteristics, different countries have specific features of this process. So, decision-making has to be adopted in concordance with local needs and conditions. All participants in the project are Baltic region countries which have prioritized an international strategy of sustainable development.

Sweden is a country with a well-established tradition in urban development oriented to sustainable development.

Lithuania has succeeded in urban development and since 2004 has become a member of the European Union. Thus, practice of this country as a post Soviet country with the successful development of the last 20 years is interesting and fruitful for study and analysis.

Since the early 1990s Russia and Ukraine have made remarkable progress in the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market-oriented one. In recent years Russia and Ukraine have made progress in developing new urban and spatial planning legislation and institutional structures. These profound changes have set new directions in urban development and modernization. They have also led to identification of the opportunities and constraints within which central, regional and local governments work together.

However, until today, sustainable urban development is declarative due to:

-          Fragmentation of the planning process;

-          The taking of political decisions on an ad hoc basis without adequate administrative preparation and strategic planning;

-          Lack of professional staff and financing in municipalities.

The most effective ways of implementation of international the sustainable development approaches to national economies are training of qualified specialists. Russian and Ukrainian universities are at the beginning stage of introducing the sustainable development concept into education. Thus, acquiring the experience of KTH in Sweden and VGTU in Lithuania has helped KNUCA and MIIGAiK improve the study programmes in urban planning oriented to sustainable development.

The project is carried out in the context of:

Workshops with teaching staff from KNUCA and MIIGAiK in KTH and VGTU to learn the international tendencies and experience on the introduction of the sustainable urban development concept in education and practice.

Annual workshops and conferences on “Sustainable urban planning and development” conducted at KNUCA and MIIGAiK.

Study visits of PhD students from VGTU, MIIGAiK and KNUCA to KTH to learn the present-day international approaches to urban development.